(The Graduate University for Advanced Studies,
Inner Mongolia, nomadic people, resource exploration, strategy for living
There were big political changes in livestock regions of Inner Mongolia, from the socialistic collectivization in 1950s to the demise of people’s communes in 1980s. In S village, with those political changes, the production organization Hotoairu has been decomposed first into the production group, second to the family-run farm. Then around 2000, before the resource exploration project started, it lost its original structure almost completely. Since the project started in 2005, several disputes have been raised concerning compensation payment for requisition of pastureland due to the project, which leads to the ultimate dissolution of the organization.
This paper describes people’s way of coping with the ongoing resource exploration project from two viewpoints; from individual farmer and from organization. Each farmer has to decide whether to continue stock farming or to quit it and start a new business, while the committee board of S village decides to allocate the compensation payment to the social security system, disaster prevention, etc., although it fails to protect local people from the adverse impact of the resource exploration project.
This paper also suggests that individual strategic adaptation to the project may loosen social bond among the nomadic people of Inner Mongolia.